Tag Archives: Democracy

Indian General Elections 2014 – Results

Well over the last leg of the biggest dance of democracy across the world, which saw millions of people vote to elect their representatives who would lead them into the future, we observed great amount of enthusiasm among people & matching performances from their leaders.

Performances, yes that’s what we saw from the leaders. Over the last two months of campaigning it was not issues that were discussed, it was not future policies of the country that caught the attention, it was not even employment, infrastructure, health care, environment or trade relations with world that found merit.

What we saw was a great drama for democracy with top leaders busy in exchanging personal barbs at each other. It was like abyss with no end. We believe that at some point in time, these interactions got people so involved that even the TRPs of running soaps on Indian television would have taken a hit.

We hope that this is not the prequel of things to come. This is not what India needs. India needs Results and result oriented discussions and interactions. The campaign started out well with all parties raising issues and putting forth their plans for the nation but later degenerated into a mad rush to gather headlines and public eye. In most scenarios, it looked like the race to get best media coverage at what ever cost.

We hope that, once the new government is formed they would be result oriented and erase the past two months as a forgetful part of their run to be head of world’s largest democracy.

With respect to the results, whoso ever comes to power is not the real outcome of this elections. We think that winner in this elections are the common citizens of India. Record polling of with over 66% voter turn out, the 550 million people who voted have made it clear that in future “Results only matter”.

By ‘dod’ Rangers

Visit our views on needs of democracy & it’s people

 

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‘dod’ Mumbai Local Story – India’s Future (Final Part)

dod_Mumbai_Local

 

…………….. (Continued from earlier post)

It was 8:53 am and the local reached Kurla. There was a mass exodus of people from the local, as most of them were working in the BKC, Bandra Kurla Complex, which was not far from this station. In came Adil, a well built up guy in his mid 30s, Adil was working in the sales function of a multinational.

“Hey Software how are you” said Adil, referring to Shanker who was a software engineer working with a bank in Fort.

Shanker said, “Good Bhai jaan, but Jignesh looks slightly off today”. He wanted Adil to needle Jignesh. Adil was quick to jump on the que said, “What happened Shares (Jignesh’s nick-name, again framed by Adil), market is bullish but your face shows like bears are hugging you”.

It was lot of laughs around with Adil and Shanker doing a tag this time around. Jignesh said, “Well guys lets get through our discussion on national pass time (referring to Shanker with his laptop open), we just have 20 min left to reach CST”

Adil ignoring the Jignesh’s comment said “Yes Software, what are your findings, I am excited to share my views”.

By now the people around have also stopped their regular chit chat and were focusing on what Shanker had to state.

Shanker looking up from his laptop said, “We were to find out top three areas where new government need to focus so that India may have next five years of growth and prosperity.”

He continued,  “As per my findings there are two large group within India that, if attended to may lead to rapid growth. These groups are Farmers & employable youth in India”.

Jignesh intervened, “Any numbers? or just thoughts you have?”

Shanker knew this was coming, he said,” India has over 263Mn people involved in agriculture”. He paused a bit, looking at the numbers.

Jignesh was absorbed as soon as numbers were out. he said, “I am all ears, please continue”.

Shanker continued, “With respect to youth, India is all set to become the youngest country in the world by 2020 with the median age of 29 years. There are 430Mn youngsters in India between age of 15-34 years”.

Adil added,”So if we have policies that could take care of people involved in farming, create opportunities to skill the youth and have employment opportunities. We would have given booster to nearly half of India’s population, which shall add to growth.”

Jignesh added, “Wow thats amazing. I think, to create employment, there should be proper impetus on infrastructure & health care services. This way the growth shall plough back social benefit as well.”

Uncle sitting at the seat, said “Bhai, why don’t you guys slow down a bit and relay it again for benefit of all.”

Shanker, now closing his laptop said,” Yes! indeed it is so apparent. three points that new Government should have as their top priority :

– Policies for boosting agricultural, hmm…something like a “next green revolution” for people in agriculture.

– For the youth, skill them and create employment opportunities, in infrastructure & health care sector. “

Adil adjusting his shirt, added,” third point needs to be, to have policies to create innovation and foster entrepreneurship. This would create self fueling employment opportunities.”

People around clapped at the conclusion. Jignesh along with others was beaming too. Taking the opportunity, Shanker said, “Looks like Jignesh has got a clue on which sectors to invest in next five years.”

Jignesh winked and said, “Yes of course, I hit lot of opportunities while traveling in this Mumbai Local.”

There was a loud laugh and people were all happy to have reached the conclusion as the train arrived at the final destination, Mumbai CST.  The three friends went out together followed by others.

Every one alighted and compartment was empty but all who were part of discussion, they  were filled with hope & clarity of thought about their nation.

Hope their “hope” sees light of day.

Mumbai local, with a loud hooter, again moved to ply on the same route.

By ‘dod’ Rangers

‘dod’ Mumbai Local Story – India’s Future

It was 8:15am Monday morning at hustling Thane suburban railway station. There is a man dashing into the main gates, running and avoiding hitting others, who are more or less matching his pace.

Shanker panting a bit now, started to move up the foot over bridge with uncanny knack of dodging people and moving on. He could see that 8:32 fast local was scheduled to leave from platform no. 4. He had another 500 meters or so before he hit the needed platform.

8:27am, Shankar managed to reach his usual location to board the local. He had 5min, which seemed like a luxury at this point in time, to catch his breathe before he would board the usually crowded local. Shanker wiped his brow and was standing underneath a fan, which he shared with fellow passengers on the platform. The little gush of air, was bringing on, sweet pleasure in the sweltering humidity of Mumbai.

The local arrived, Shanker was all pecked up to enter the first class compartment. Others were ready as well. Even before the train could stop, there were people getting out of it and by the time it stopped, there was a mad rush of people to get in. It is usual to hear the noise of the iron door and few passengers hitting it.

“Awee jao mahein” (Come on inside), came the voice from inside the first class compartment. Jignesh called out loud to Shanker. This is a tacit understanding on a Mumbai local, wherein people would make way for you, if there are your friends/group calling out for you.

Anyway, Shanker was happy to reach inside and be with his usual co-passengers. He has been traveling with them for past 4 years now. The traveling was more of time where friends met.

Jignesh standing up from the seat said, “Shanker come sit here, looks like you have defeated Milkha singh today.” He had noticed the sweat on Shanker’s shirt.

Shanker said mockingly, “Nahi yarr, today was able to beat only P.T. Usha”.

Jignesh, as always, was quick to respond, “only that she is old you could make this statement”. Both laughed along with few others who witnessed the conversation.

Local had already moved and was swiftly passing to catch the next station Mulund.

“Well, where is Adil”, inquired Shanker.

Jignesh replied, “He had gone to meet his Uncle place over the weekend. Shall join us at Kurla.”

Jignesh was already busy with his mobile checking for stock market sentiment before the markets open. He his happy now as earlier he used to struggle with the newspaper, now with smart phone his life was simpler.

By this time the other members of the group (4more) were already discussing their weekend sojourns. They were interrupted with Shakar opening up his laptop. It was strange for him to do so while going to office.

Shanker announced, “ok guys, here is what we need to discuss and come to a conclusion on”.

Jignesh, barely looking up, “ Wali suru thei gayu (again you have started). What are you trying to gain my dear Shankar, you are not going to become Shanker Dayal Sharma”, He chuckled.

Shankar ignoring Jignesh said, We have another 10min before Adil comes in with his analysis.

One of the old group member said, “What is the hot topic that we are discussing, looks that a lot has happened over the two days when I was sick and not present’.

Before Shankar could speak, Jignesh keeping his phone in the pocket said, “bhai he wants to change India. He and Adil are debating what are the major reforms which the new government should take on and I was suggesting that nothing is going to change so enjoy the local ride in this heat.”

The old man said,”Jignesh there is more responsibility on us then just make money for oneself”.

Jignesh, kept quiet as he didn’t want to answer back to Uncle. Yes that what they called him. Shanker witnessed this and was smiling under the lips.

Train had reached Kurla now. …….

……………………“to be continued”

By ‘dod’ Rangers

‘dod’ Tram Story: The King Makers

Two men traveling in a tram. It is a hot & humid Kolkata summer. They got into a debate. Getting into a debate is not uncommon in this part of India, it is rather an opportunity to flex intellectual muscle, but with ongoing election fever, any debate other than politics, shall raise eyebrows.

Mr. Das, looking out of the window of slow moving tram, said, “fourteen years have gone dod_Tramby and yet the things have not changed.”

Mr. Saha, wiping the sweat on his forehead remarked, “What are you talking about, CPM (Communist Party) is no longer in power, it is DiDi now. (Didi, referred to head of ruling TMC in West Bengal)

Das, smirked, “Saha, let me tell you, National Parties in India are just rubber stamps. They over last 14 years could not make government on their own.”

Saha for a while could not get head or tails of it, but he did not let his Bengali spirit cow down so easily.  He said, “Sauti (true), but you need to have evidence for same.”

Das was now in full spirit, ignoring the beautiful Victoria Memorial and some cool breeze that gushes along on this stretch of tram ride. He straightened and said, “You know for all these years no matter who was at the center, the state parties where the ones who ruled.”

Knowing that he had Saha grappling to grasp, he continued, “Saha as per past stats, state parties have cornered 28% of seats in national elections, which leaves the national parties to no alternative but seek their support to have 51% majority”. He added, “Worst is that this gives state parties unusual say on national issues and corner key portfolios in the central government. Remember, this is without them having any say in any other part of India.”

Saha understood that Das has got a one up on him, but he still probed further, “Do you have the stats handy?”

Das was now enjoying the breeze as tram moved forward on signal turning green. “Yes, of course, I have the proof. Here you go.”

With this Das showed Saha a piece of paper and it read as follows:

Seats won in the year           2009         2004         1999

National Parties                         376              364         369

State Parties                                146              159         158

Unrecognized Parties              12                 15           10

Independents                               09                 05           06

Total                                                 543             543         543

State Party Seats/Total          26%        29%          29%

Saha knew today Das had come prepared. He acknowledged it and added, “Yes, that is what makes Didi in West bengal, Amma in Tamil Nadu and Bhenji in Uttar Pradesh, key to this elections”.

Das remarked, “Sauti (True), if stats have it’s way they have key to 28% of seats and are the kingmakers.” They both laughed together and got ready to get off the tram.

By ‘dod’ Rangers

KRAs of Democracy

A troubled Rajan was going up and down the corridor of his office. He looked tensed with cold sweat flowing down his brow. Well, it is time of the year when employees are appraised by their employers. This anxiety is common, among most of the working class going through during their appraisals.

Rajan, knowing the outcome, was relaxed. He managed an above average increment. On his way home he saw the congested road, polluted air, slight mayhem in local travel. It got him to think. He like many Indians in democracy want to ask the same question. Where is the appraisals of  MPs and MLAs? What are their KRAs (key result area)?

We in this discussion, shall try and lay down what the Member of Parliaments and that of legislative assemblies need to be measured against. Lets explore KRAs of democracy.

Revenue: All MPs need to have target to increase revenue for their area associated with their seat. This like any CEO, needs to have a forward looking and realistic number. Look up the average revenue per seat of India, covered in our earlier discussion on this subject.

Infrastructure Development: Critical in Indian context, every seat needs to show positive development on infra to provide basic needs and infra development for future needs.

Health Care: Here development needs to get quantified on increase in number of beds, availability of speciality treatments and emergency treatment facility.

Education: To track increase in quality teachers, institutions built for basic and higher education and employable students generated out of this process.

Environment Protection: This is a critical aspect which needs to be taken care while we develop the region. The KRA here should be number of green zones created, forest cover restored and protected.

Apart for above five, we also believe that one needs to have mechanism to track fairness of  Administration. This can be measured by tracking reduction in crime rate, redtapism and corruption cases being filed in the courts, year on year to get to a score.

Rajan was pretty happy to understand the KRAs of democracy and that of his elected representatives. But this was short lived as he wanted to understand how does he, a common man, enforce this?

Ideas are Welcome.

By ‘dod’ Rangers

 

Indian Democracy: Potential of David

What should we expect with respect to the story of Davids. Well, am expecting average performance in comparison to our Goliaths. Surprisingly, Davids are eager to narrate their revenue story, so here you go with some statistics. Hope our patrons do not reduce their love for us because of positioning of statistics very often now.

The Davids

        GDP 2012-13         (Rs. Lac Crs.)

Seats

GDP/Seat

(Rs. Lac Crs.)

Mizoram

0.08

1 0.08
Nagaland

0.13

1 0.13
Sikkim

0.09

1 0.09
Arunachal Pradesh

0.12

2 0.06
Meghalaya

0.18

2 0.09

Source:http://planningcommission.nic.in

All the David’s have their GDP/Seat ratio less than that of National average of Rs. 0.17 lac Crs. We were not expecting it to be any way greater. But the fact glaring at us is that per seat GDP of three of Davids is more than per seat GDP of at least two of the Goliaths (Uttar Pradesh & Bihar). Davids make a clear statement that they have potential to grow. Read our other article on the abundance of land resources with Davids.

The interesting question posed before the nation is that we can reallocate resources, read seats, to the Davids so that their potential of development can be explored. It is quite evident that Davids, with better representation, should do good.

By ‘dod’ Rangers

Indian Democracy: The Goliath Muscle

At the onset, we would like to thank all readers, we call them patrons, of “dod” blog. Based on the feedback of our patrons, on David & Goliath series, we have done analysis of muscle power of these states. Muscle Power? Yes, here we are talking about the economic muscle. Lets see if we get surprises down here.


We have taken GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of these states for comparison and dipped into databank of Planning commission of India. Visit them at
http://planningcommission.nic.in . To analyze further we are computing another national ratio, National GDP/Seat Ratio, which comes out to be Rs.0.17 Lacs Crs. or 17,500 Crs. This ratio indicates Revenue (GDP), read resource, under management per seat.

 

The Goliaths

GDP 2012-13       (Rs. Lac Crs.)

Seats

GDP/Seat

(Rs. Lac Crs.)

State GDP as % of India’s GDP

Uttar Pradesh

7.69

80

0.09

8.2%

Maharashtra

13.72

48

0.28

15%

Andhra Pradesh

7.45

42

0.17

8%

Bihar

3.08

40

0.07

3%

West Bengal

6.22

42

0.14

6%


Lets analyze the Goliaths, Maharashtra is the top state with maximum GDP contribution (15%) to the nation. Bihar does not figure out in top 5 GDP producing states, while West Bengal barely manages to stay in 5th spot. Followed closely by Gujarat. With an exception of Bihar, top seat contributors also are top GDP produces for India.


Lets analyze the GDP/Seat of Goliaths. Here Maharashtra, and if we are benevolent, Andhra Pradesh, have GDP/Seat ratio higher than India’s average. Thus even though in absolute terms three Goliaths have larger economic muscle, read GDP, but their GDP/Seat ratio is less than national average. We believe that seat allocation is to manage resources of the country better, than Goliaths are not the best performers.

 

Solution for Goliaths, we may sound simplistic, but it is logical that Goliaths need to increase GDP or reduce the number of seats. We believe the former is the option and not the later.


Any guesses on the economic muscle of Davids?

By “dod” Rangers